New Year's Day Pit Line (2)

Release time:

2015-03-16 02:11


  There is Chaochao Street in the west of the village, where villagers trade commodities, forming a popular morning market. There are also several snack bars on the street. My son and I each had a bowl of rice noodles here in the morning. Rice noodles are not as slippery as other places. The TV series "Spring Grass" filmed the location in Liukeng, which is because of its popularity.



  Liukeng is worth learning, and there are many, many more. It is not enough to come here once and watch it for a long time. Therefore, Director Chen told me that I can stay in Liukeng for at least three days and take a good look. I agree with this.
But after all, we can finally say, Liukeng, here we are. Come on, what's the catch?
It is said that Liukeng is a huge and complete historical and cultural complex, because——
At this point, you can learn planning, feng shui pattern, patriarchal pattern, traffic pattern, drainage pattern, defense pattern, sacrificial pattern, and business pattern, all of which are well reflected in this village. In particular, according to the genealogy records, in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the 22nd generation Dong Sui, headed by the squire, re-planned and rebuilt Liukeng Village. On the basis of the construction of the villages in the Song and Yuan Dynasties, he expanded the "Dragon Lake" in the north-south direction and stretched like a dragon on the west side of the village, divided the village into two parts, east and west, and made the main part of the eastern village surrounded by water on all sides. In the main part of the village, eight alleys are created according to seven horizontal (east-west) and one vertical (north-south), and houses are built along the alleys, forming a regular and orderly village layout. The pattern is connected and enclosed by village walls. The Wujiang River flows from the south, turns to the side of the village and then goes westward. With the addition of the Longhu Lake excavated in the east, Liukeng Village is surrounded by water on three sides. The roadway is paved with cobblestones, and the side ditch is dug. Form a good drainage system. The residences and ancestral halls were built along the alleys, and the alley gates and watchtowers were built at the beginning and end of the alleys to observe the situation of the enemy, water, and fire. There was also a village wall between the watchtowers for the defense. Along Longhu Lake, there is a north-south alley called Chaochao Street, which is the market and trade place of Liukeng Village. Street goods stores, rice shops, pharmacies, etc. have everything. At the north end of the street is Qipan Street, with Wuguifang and Jinyifang facing each other on the north and south sides, and the famous Zhuangyuan Building standing high on the west side. It makes Liukeng, a crowded village, like a city and a city.







  The buildings of Liukeng should be mainly in the Qing Dynasty. From the facade style, the front side pays great attention to the door head, which is similar to the facade form in the Wuyi Mountain area in Fujian. Fighting scene. The volcanic wall is sealed on the side, instead of deliberately emphasizing the shape of a horse head wall, but naturally forming a triangular slope along the roof; it is not painted white, but the blue bricks are exposed, and after years of grinding and washing, it looks very textured. In addition, the interior wooden structure and the decorative style mainly based on wood carving and brick carving also show their own style, which can be read, collected and studied carefully. ——And the house with the "upright and bright" screen wall, it seems that the protection of the brick carvings should be more in place, such as covering it with glass.
I also initially saw some regional characteristics. It seems that there is a lack of stone in the local area. Generally, the outer walls of the houses are made of blue bricks to the end, and there is almost no slate wall skirt. In Linchuan and Jinxi, it is very common to use stone slabs as wall skirts. of. Because of the lack of stone, it is obvious that stone carvings are relatively lacking, so more attention is paid to brick carvings, and even a large number of gray sculptures are decorated, which has the same impression in Yiqian Town. Only at the entrance of the famous Neo-Confucian masters, a pair of red stone lions are very conspicuous in the ancient village. This pair of stone lions in the Ming Dynasty can be called the watchmen of the stone carving buildings in the village.




Here, you can learn history, a family history, the history of local economy, the history of ancient society, the history of the rise and fall of the Jiangyou Shang Gang.
Since the establishment of the village, clans have lived together, with distinct ages, undergone changes, and are constantly reborn, cultivated and read, passed down poetry and rituals, combined officials and businesses, accumulated wealth, built homes, and never stopped. It can be said that it is a family synthesis in feudal society The epitome of the patriarchal structure and village construction and development, we can probably replay this process from the Ming Dynasty onwards. After the merchants in the village became rich, they crowded into the gentry and bureaucratic classes through donations and accumulated huge wealth. , actively engaged in clan and community construction, such as expanding clan property, building ancestral halls, compiling genealogy, establishing teaching assistants, repairing bridges and paving roads, advocating charity and giving benefits, etc., making Liukeng prosperous again and again. As long as this kinship and folk traditions are maintained, the power of regeneration is maintained. Therefore, although it was repeatedly affected by wars, the village construction was further developed in the early and mid-Qing Dynasty. During the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty, the number of ancestral halls in the village increased to 83, and the number of academies and academies increased to 28. The large number of ancient buildings and cultural relics still in the village today are the remains of this period. The invasion of foreign powers at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the turmoil of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom not only severely damaged the national fortune, but also left unfortunate marks on Liukeng, which eventually led to a complete decline.
At this point, you can learn calligraphy. Most of the ancestral halls and houses in Liukeng Village have plaques on the halls and couplets next to the doors. Among them, there are more than 400 well-preserved plaques and more than 100 couplets. These plaques are mostly from the hands of famous masters of past dynasties. Such as Song Dynasty Zhu Xi, Ming Dynasty Yang Shiqi, Jin Youzi, Luo Hongxian, Zeng Tongheng, Qing Dynasty Dong Shibiao, Liu Yi and so on. Among them, Zhu Xi inscribed the "Zhuangyuan Building" plaque for Dong Deyuan and the couplet "Nangong Tactician is expensive, and Beique's surname is first." Several imperial edicts, contemporary emperors and teachers" couplets; Ming Dynasty champion, physicist, geographer Luo Hongxian inscribed for Dong Sui "Gao Mingguang" and "Wen Lie Su, crown heavy Nanzhou" couplet; Zeng Tongheng gave Dong Sui the "Famous Neo-Confucianist" inscription and other plaques, all of which can be called treasures. There are also Zeng Guofan and Zuo Zongtang's calligraphy, which are juxtaposed on the wall of a family, which is amazing. These inscriptions are in seal, clerical, regular, line, and cursive styles, with different styles, or handsome, dignified, or simple, just like the exhibition of ancient calligraphy, which can be learned and enjoyed.
At this point, you can think about the problem. Speaking of which, Liukeng should belong to the Luling Cultural Circle, the Ganjiang River Basin. Although both belong to the Fuzhou area, it can be seen that there are clear cultural differences between it and some villages in the lower reaches of the Fuhe River. It also expresses the overall pattern and architectural style and quality of its village - this is quite interesting to me. Is this difference due to culture? Or is it caused by natural conditions? It has many ancestral halls, and the big ancestral hall is on the periphery. Of course, this is no different from most ancient villages in Jinxi, but if the ancestral hall is in the center, like Xidi Hongcun in Huizhou, the tension of space may be better.​
According to the introduction, "Liukeng people thought that the old houses handed down by their ancestors could be a way to make money, but they soon found out that the income was not as good as imagined. Antiques, wood carvings and the like were stolen, and new buildings were built in a disorderly manner in the ancient houses of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the interim, the ancient village that was originally integrated has almost lost its simple and natural ancient style.” Although this phenomenon exists, it still does not hide its flaws. The heritage of ancient villages is the scattered and buried pearls on the land of China. What deserves protection is more than Liukeng? Was it more than a pit that was destroyed? Like Liukeng, people are willing to stay, live and live in the old village, and they have not abandoned it, which should be fortunate.

Food in Liukeng? It seems that I haven't fully realized it. Although I have eaten Le'an moldy fish and Lean moldy tofu, the taste is not strong - just like the real taste of the ancient village, I can't say that I have grasped it, but in a hurry, Just a thought for the next trip. It's a pity that there is still no time to take pictures of the old trees along the riverside, with their beautiful shapes. But even though my hands were so cold that I could hardly hold the pen, I managed to draw a set of Liukeng impressions, which lived up to my promise to the ancient village.


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