Liukeng, since Zhaoxing in the Southern Tang Dynasty of the Five Dynasties, has produced a group of more outstanding figures, who have played a major role in the prosperity and development of Liukeng society, and some of them have also contributed to Chinese civilization. Select some representative figures from them to biography and understand the history and society of Liukeng.
● Iron Masked Censor Dong Dunyi
Dong Dunyi (1031—1101), courtesy name Mengshu, was a jinshi in the eighth year of Jiayou (1063). In the sixth year of Yuanyou Zhezong (1091), he officially worshipped the imperial censor, and later on the case of "Yaohua Secret Prison", he was not in charge of Zhezong, and he guarded Empress Meng and mobilized the Xingguo Army. Emperor Huizong returned to the position of Zuo Jianyi as a doctor, and also said that Cai Jing and Cai Bian had done evil, and they were named "Monument of Yuan You Party People" and put them in Jiangzhou Prefecture. Later, he served as the servant of the Ministry of Housing, and he was awarded the title of Changqing founding countryman. Dunyi was a famous official in the Northern Song Dynasty, and he was one of the most prominent officials of the Liukeng Dong family, so he had a very important position in the family history, and there were many legends about him. One of the most well-known events is: In 1130, the then Empress Meng - Empress Dowager Longyou passed the intersection of the Ganjiang and Enjiang rivers on the way to the south in pursuit of the Jin Bing, and asked where did this water come from? The subordinates came from the door of Dong Yushi's house. Empress Dowager Longyou drank the water from the river in a golden cup to thank Dong Dunyi for his kindness in saving him, so there is another way of saying that Enjiang was named. It is also said that Dunyi once envoy to the Khitan, because of the protection of He Yangshen, was able to recite the imperial mausoleum tablet at night to avoid killing himself. Therefore, He Yangshen became the protector of the Dong family in Liukeng, and his worship has continued to this day. Even the Nuo dance performed by Liukeng in the past dynasties is said to have been brought back to his hometown by Dunyi from the north. These legends, Empress Meng Xie En is not found in the official history, and the name of Enjiang has its own reasons. The latter two are more obviously unbelievable, but they are enough to show that the family members were high officials and brought politics to the Dong family. and social prestige, and had an important influence on the determination of its cultural traditions. In this regard, Dong Dunyi is only a representative. The old Dunyi Temple in Liukeng has now collapsed, and only a few remnants remain.
● Liukeng glory Dong Deyuan
Dong Deyuan, the font is benevolent, he was not ranked in the first rank of jinshi, and when he was old and toothless, he was awarded the state teaching assistant with Teng. In the eighteenth year of Shaoxing (1148), when he was fifty-three years old, he moved to the first place in the exam, with officials ranking second, Enlu and Dakui, etc., so he was called "Enbang Champion". Because of his attachment to Qin Hui, he immediately entered the imperial court, and became the highest official and official in Liukeng history. When Qin Hui died, he was released with the title of the Taiping Xingguo Palace (later changed to a Senior Minister of Political Science), he was idle in Luling, and he was not allowed to enter the Xiangxian Temple to be enshrined behind him. However, as far as the Dong family is concerned, after all, it has the honor of being the champion and ruling. In the following year of Deyuan Dakui, Yongfeng County built the Zhuangyuan Building for it to show its glory. Deyuan and the young Zhu Xi inscribed the three-character plaque "Zhuangyuan Building", and later the famous physicist Zeng Feng made it. As a note, this building has become a famous historic site on the banks of the Enjiang River. About a little later, Liukeng people also built a Zhuangyuan Building at the entrance of the village, boasting this great event of their clan to those who passed by. Moreover, because of Dong Deyuan's status, the imperial court conferred Dong He Situ, wife of Luo's Yuzhang County wife; Dong Zhen Sikong, wife of Deng's Nanyang County wife; his great-grandfather, grandfather, father, etc. were also awarded, not only Deyuan's honor. Obviously, the entire Liukeng Dong family is also very beautiful. It should not be mentioned that Deyuan arrived late, and he was ridiculed as an "old official" before. Hong Mai's "Yijian Zhi" volume 18 contains one of his words: "" Full of articles, full of frost and snow, full of dust. Until now, there is nothing to do but poverty. Fame and fame have already followed suit, and I hate Zhang Xun and Li Xun the most. Several next years, several good lucks, just hide it from others. ” At that time, the encounter was picturesque. But once he develops, he can help him, and he will undoubtedly be a great incentive and temptation for the family members. It is the role models such as Dong Deyuan who jumped to the Dragon Gate that made the Liukeng Dong family form a very strong imperial examination culture atmosphere, and nurtured its children, Haoshou, in order to get promoted and rich, and honor their ancestors.
● Zeng Fung, Master of Science
Zeng Feng, courtesy name Youdu, No. Zunzhai, Jinshi in the fifth year of Gandao (1169), served as the commander of Pucheng in Fujian and the prefect of Deqing in Guangdong. He was a famous Confucianist and scholar in the Song Dynasty. He wrote forty volumes of "Zunzhai Ji", and "Summary of the General Catalogue of Siku Quanshu" called "the foundation is profound, there are words of things, and those who are not empty talk about the nature of the heart are comparable" , is respected by the world. When Zeng Feng took office in Pucheng, he found out that he was very intelligent but could not go to school because of his poverty. Later, Zeng Feng returned to his hometown and opened the Xishan Academy, where Zhendexiu studied for thirteen years, hence the name Xishan. When he really returned to his hometown, Zeng Feng had a long poem, Xu Mian, as a gift. Zhendexiu later became an official of the Hanlin Bachelor and Can Zhizhi, and he was also a Neo-Confucianist at the end of the Song Dynasty. In order to repay his kindness, he petitioned the court to include his teacher's "Zunzhai Ji" in the Chinese Studies. This book has been widely published in the world. This karma left a good story for Liukeng, and Xishan Academy became famous all over the world. According to the "Le'an County Chronicle", Wen Tianxiang visited and lived here at the end of the Song Dynasty, and wrote: "In front of Jingu Peak, the vegetation is neat, and Liukeng was originally an ancient stream. Where is the old monk of the Song Dynasty? Who painted Dongpo on the wall? "Ancient Records of Daoyuan Xue," a collection of Yu Ji in the Yuan Dynasty, also said: "The ruts of horses and horses are still there to the present. ” Its famous places are not hard to imagine. In addition to Zeng Feng, the Zeng family also has Chunxi Scholars Zeng Jie, who joined the army as a lawsuit manager; Zeng Wan, an official Hanlin clerk; Xianchun Scholars Zeng Chongguang, an official to the Ministry of War. . Moreover, the Zeng and Dong families are married (for example, Zeng Feng's sister Xu Dong Dexiu is his wife), they communicate and learn from each other, and they learn friendship. Many children of the Dong family also study in Xishan College, and the relationship is quite harmonious. Today's "Zun" In Zhai Ji, there are still many poems written by Zeng Feng for Dong, which is a good proof.
● The famous scholar Dong Dexiu
Dong Dexiu, courtesy name Zhongxiu, failed many times in the water test, and lived in seclusion in mechanics. Although he is a commoner, he is not an ordinary old Confucian in the countryside, but one of the famous "Huaitang Confucians" in the Southern Song Dynasty. Dexiu was a disciple of Lu Xiangshan, "sit in meditation all day long, submerged in the cave", and then returned to his hometown to teach Lu's mind study, "from the wanderer Duode became famous, and the scholar called Mr. Xinzhai". Dong Dexiu, like his fellow Jiangyou disciples, did not see any creativity in Xiangshan School, but he was in an uproar in the debate between Zhu and Lu, and when Lu Xue was regarded as a heretical study of "Zen Studies", he believed in it and spread it widely. It has been passed down, so it has the reputation of "the gate and wall of Guangxiang Mountain", which has contributed to the development of psychology. Especially for Liukeng Dong, he is the "Sect of Liuxi Neo-Confucianism", and has established the tradition of Dong's psychology since then. In the Ming Dynasty, Liukeng Dong's heart was very strong, and he was a loyal believer of Jiangyou Wangmen.
● Dong Qiqian, Master of Xinglin
Dong Qiqian, the 14th generation of the Liukeng Dong family, came from Wen Huang, the school secretary of the Secret Pavilion. He is known to the world as a doctor. Dong Qiqian was originally a Confucian scholar. After the fall of the Song Dynasty, due to the Yuan Dynasty's policy of emphasizing martial arts and ethnic discrimination, he abandoned Confucianism and practiced medicine, so as to relieve the suffering of the people, and he is quite famous in the local area. Later, because of his good relationship with Wu Cheng, a great scholar in the Yuan Dynasty, Wu was honored as Yang Yu, and he became famous all over the world. Wu also wrote the "Preface to Dong Qi Qiang". In the "Preface", Wu Cheng called Dong Qiqian a perfect doctor.
● Dong Shang under the rule of Xingjiao
Dong Shang, the character is friendly. It is the fifteenth generation of the Liukeng Dong family, from the family of Wenhuang. Dong Shang's grandfather De Rong and his father Bao Weng Yeru were both unofficial, and his father was also a trader in order to make a living. Dong Shang got his name from Poetry and Classics. He taught in the township, but he made a living and occasionally went out to do business. Dong Shang is prudent and self-sufficient, enthusiastic about public welfare, and spares no effort in running schools. In the year of Hongwu Xinhai (1372), Dong Shang conquered the capital by virtue of his broad talents and good morals, as well as Confucian scholars. In the primary election, Xingning (now Xingning, Guangdong) was appointed to teach, and he was promoted to the magistrate of Wujin (now Wujin, Jiangsu). He implemented a series of administrative measures with the policy of "lenient but not condescending, strict but not harsh". Dong Shang asked the officials to serve the public as the people, and severely punish those who neglected their duties, extort bribes, and greedy officials, and also crack down on illegal businessmen who dare to speculate. At the same time, he is committed to running schools and Daxing education. When I first arrived in Wujin, I saw the narrow and dilapidated school buildings in the county, and I once sighed: "I am a Confucianist until this point, I can ignore it and do nothing, is it not evil?" ” So she proposed to build a school, including Dacheng Hall, Minglun Hall, and dormitories for teachers and students. One year Wujin encountered severe drought, and the farmers were in great distress. Dong Shang strived to reduce or exempt the tax of the year, and the people were very poor. Therefore, when he left his post, "Shimin Sizhi" was enshrined in the Wujin Temple of Famous Officials.
In the twenty-ninth year of Hongwu (1396), Dong Shang went to office. After returning home, he devoted himself to the construction of the Dong clan in Liukeng. One of the most influential events in Liukeng's history was the first publication of the Dong family tree in his hands. Liukeng Dong's first clan tree was completed in the late Southern Song Dynasty, and it was rebuilt in the Yuan to Shun years, but the manuscript was not published. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, there was a great chaos, and "the genealogy was lost and scattered", Dong Shang went to another place to do business, and happened to find it in Ningdu, but the discussion was unsuccessful. Until he retired and returned to his hometown, he finally had to "publish and print, and distribute to each house". Since then, Liukeng Dong's writing and engraving genealogy has become a common practice. Genealogy is an important manifestation and constituent element of clan organization. The publication of Hongwu genealogy had an important historical impact on the rapid reconstruction and development of the Dong clan organization in Liukeng in the early Ming Dynasty. A few years after the composition was completed, he died and entered the shrine of Le'an Township.
● Dong Yan, Director of the State Department of Supervision
Dong Yan, courtesy name Zizhuang. It is the sixteenth generation of the Liukeng Dong clan, from the Dabaochun clan, the son of Duke Wenzhao of Tuntian. Dong Yan was the youngest among the three brothers. He could recite poetry at the age of five, read at the age of eight, and write at the age of twelve or thirteen. In addition to his own intelligence and diligence, this is also related to the edification of his family. His father, Dong Yangxing, was educated and literate. Hong Wu was first recommended by the Ming Dynasty as the county magistrate of Zhaohua (now Zhaohua, Sichuan) in Baoning Prefecture, Sichuan. Author of "Du Gongbu Poem Notes" and "Gao Xian Yun Ji" in several volumes. Even at the turn of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, when nine out of ten scholars were abandoned, Dong Yan was able to study without giving up. Five years later, the Zhongxiang Examination, but the following year's Southern Provincial General Examination failed, and he returned regretfully.
In the 25th year of Ming Hongwu (1392), Dong Yan was recruited into Beijing. When he first entered Beijing, he was smug, and bluntly spoke out about the wrongs of the times and the right and wrong in the officialdom. In the seven years of service, he performed his duties to the end, and taught the history of theories to students every day. He was highly valued by Hou Muying of Xiping and Zhang Shen, the political envoy. Due to his political achievements, he was transferred to Maoming (now Guangdong) county magistrate of Jiaozhou Prefecture. Dong Yan served here for five years. The official and private officials were clearly distinguished, and he was responsible for the solemnity, diligent in the administration and love for the people. Maoming scholars and people respected him and worshipped him in the famous eunuch in Maoming County.
During the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, the imperial court organized the compilation of the "Yongle Grand Ceremony". In the second year of Yongle (1404), Dong Yan was selected to participate in the compilation of this book. Peer pushes. Shucheng, Yang Shiqi, who was a former State Child Supervisor and was a Hanlin Bachelor at the time, recommended Dong Yan to be the Nanjing State Son Supervisor because of Dong Yan's "experienced knowledge and suitable for being a scholar". In the 17th year of Yongle (1419), on August 5th, he had a stroke in the National Society of Sacrifices, and he returned home and died at the age of sixty-eight. The poems written include "Shiye Zizhuang Collection", "Suiyulu" and "Young Chan Poems".
● Dong Shiwang
Dong Shiwang (1450--1489), courtesy name Minqiao, and Xuefeng as his alias. The twentieth generation of Liukeng Dong's family comes from the family of the school secretary Wen Huanggong, the descendant of Song Shaoshi Dong Dunyi. His father died when he was young, and when he was orphaned in October, he was dependent on his widowed mother Wang. Shi Wang was arrogant and stubborn when he was young, and he liked to play chess. Once he competed for a whole day, he forgot to return home. Wang Shi Wang gave some instructions to Shi Wang: "My widow lives in a remote place, and I stand alone, and I only depend on you to make a living. However, my son is not interested in learning, he is addicted to this little skill, and this trick to defeat, what can I expect?" When Shi Wang heard these words, he wept bitterly, no longer played chess, and was inspired to concentrate on his studies.
Bingshen (1476), Shi Wang "recognized as a student in the prefectures and towns in the name of his talents", and served as a disciple. Guimao Qiuzhi (1483) was a success, and Wang wrote a poem for his ambition: "October is pregnant with the mother's day, who was the present at the beginning; this is an ordinary thing in the original department, and I am happy that there is a road to loyalty to the king." ” Expressed the feeling of missing relatives, and also entrusted with the aspiration of the country. The following year (1484), Shi Wangzhong was a jinshi. After the middle school, he was prescribed to save his family, just like when he was a scholar. In the autumn of Bingwu (1486), his mother died of illness, and when he was serving filial piety at home, he was very concerned about the education of his hometown, opened the door to teach disciples, and used this time to compile his own family tree of Fangpai - "Guilin Gongshu" .
In the spring of Jiyou (1489), Shiwang Qifu was awarded the title of Superintendence Censor. In August of this year, Shiwang entered the early morning, when it was pouring rain, the streets were flooded with water, the horse fell on the Yugou Bridge, Shiwang was soaked in clothes, and went to work in wet clothes. Only nine out of thirty. Shi Wang was impoverished and self-defeating, and after his death there was almost no funeral. The author of "Xuefeng Draft" has passed away, and its text is "extraordinary in elegance, full of words, not simulation but full of genre". Mourning hair, elegy, mourning chapters filled with baskets. After Shiwang's death, he built a shrine at the Xiangxian Temple in Le'an County, winning a spiritual glory for Dong's family in Liukeng. In order to commemorate Shiwang, Liukeng Dong built Xuefeng Academy, which combines commemoration and education for future generations, and invited Luo Hong to write "Xuefeng Academy" first.
● Dong Sui, a famous scholar of science
Dong Sui (1503—1586), the word Zhaoshi, the number Rongshan. He is the 22nd generation of Liukeng Dong, the grandson of the famous censor Shiwang. His father, Dong Ce, was conferred upon him by the imperial court as a doctor in charge of the administration of the left army in Nanjing. In the tenth year of Jiajing (1531), Dong Sui was selected, but then he failed in the test. Therefore, he no longer regards Xi Jinping's career as his goal of struggle, and is obsessed with Wang Yangming's spiritual learning. He first studied in Nanye Ou Gong (Ouyang De) in Nanjing, and then went to Huainan, where he studied under Wang Xinzhai (Wang Gen), the founder of the Taizhou School of Renwang Learning. He is diligent and eager to learn, and diligently explores so that he often reaches the point of forgetting to eat and sleep, and is highly valued by his teachers.
In the 29th year of Jiajing (1550), because of his knowledge and fame, Dong Sui was selected as the magistrate of Zhijiang County, Huguang (now Hubei). The Zhijiang River lies between Jingwu, and as a north-south traffic artery, its geographical location is extremely important. Because of its backward production and low quality of the people, "the army and the people are often gangsters". In response to this situation, Dong Sui adopted a strategy of integrating politics with rationality and integrating education with education, "prospering learning and teaching, emphasizing the old and embarrassing, cleaning up injustices, and diligently diligent". Tan Xuanfu, a native of Shizhou (now Enshi, Hubei), was killed by a subordinate named Liangchen. When the incident happened, his family, Li Yun, secretly carried Xuanfu's youngest son and fled and hid. For this reason, the Sanmao, Hunting Er, Zhongdong and other divisions of the Shizhou Ma command post fought each other for vengeance, which lasted for more than ten years and could not be resolved. The imperial decree sent troops to suppress it, but it was unsuccessful due to the difficult terrain. Dong Sui, who was famous at the time of ruling Zhijiang County, was ordered to deal with this matter. He changed the way he used troops in the past, and he went on a solo adventure to prevent the miasma from reaching the barracks. He solved the problem with the method of Huairou. ; Bind Liangchen, the crime is treason, set up Tan's orphan, serve as an official, reward Li Yunma's command to protect the orphan's merit, because it shows the various ministers and Tuqi's opposite side". This incident fully demonstrated Dong Sui's extraordinary courage and talent. Therefore, people at that time praised Dong Sui "A Liang has a sage who is far away from 100,000 teachers". During Dong Sui's five-year stay in Zhijiang, he benefited from Zhou Qia's success and flourished, and won the award for his outstanding political achievements.
Dong Sui made great achievements in governing Zhijiang River, and was slaughtered by Jianning (now Jianou, Fujian). Its governance changed Jianning's "customs are still extravagant" spirit. After Jianning's rank was full, Dong Sui was promoted from the Nanjing Zuojun Commander's Office to the Nanjing Punishment Department's Zhejiang Qing Officials Officer Wailang, and promoted the headquarters of Sichuan Silangzhong. At that time, a habitual thief in Luzhou was caught, and the evidence was conclusive. Dong Sui acted in accordance with the law, and this person asked for help from Lu Shangshu, who was in the court. Dong Sui is not only unpleasant, on the contrary, he "holds good strength" and answers with "if there is no deadly thief, there is a deadly job", which reflects Dong Sui's unselfishness and the valuable character of not being afraid of power. For this reason, Lu Shangshu hated Dong Sui very much. In addition, the eunuchs took power in the mid-Jiajing period, and the court became increasingly dark. Rongshan gave up his career at the age of sixty-one.
After Dong Sui returned home, he lived at home for twenty-three years. In these twenty years, he has worked tirelessly to do two great things. The first is "Chongzheng Learning", which is to actively explore and publicize the learning of the mind. He actively initiated, organized and participated in various lectures, from the village to the township to the county, the province, and other provinces in turn. “Floating in two Zhejiang, panning five lakes, visiting Tianzhen, looking for Bailu, comrades of the conference. ”As he got older and became less able to move, Dong Sui founded the Nandong Bookhouse in his hometown to gather his apprentices to give lectures. “Every month on the second and sixteenth day of the first lunar month, I will speak with the public at Yuantong Pavilion.” Yuantong will not only be limited to Liukeng, but many famous people from Jiangyou Wangmen, such as Nie Bao, Zou Shouyi, Luo Rufang, Luo Hongxian, etc. have talked about it. There are also Chen Jiuchuan, Lu Nan, Zhan Ruoshui, Wang Longxi, Qian Dehong and others who have visited Liukeng. It can be said that when "Jiangyou Wangmen" flourished in Jiangxi, Liukeng also became a focus of Jiangyou Wang Xue. Liukeng Dong has a tradition of Confucianism since the Song Dynasty, and it was especially prosperous in the late Ming Dynasty. This is inseparable from Dong Sui's efforts and influence.
On the other hand, Dong Sui made unremitting efforts from spiritual outlook to material components in order to revitalize the clan and build the Dong culture in Liukeng. He opened the Nandong Bookhouse and set up the Yuantong Club to teach and study the principles. The purpose is to "ensure the restraint of etiquette", vigorously preach the hadith of Zhu Yuanzhang and the feudal principles such as loyalty to parents, obedience to Li Xunrang, etc., as well as to teach Wang Yangming's philosophy of mind , in order to make feudal education and family law mutual, mutual use. He added genealogy and advocated respect for relatives and filial piety. The genealogy published by Dong’s family in Liukeng during the Ming and Wanli years is the addition of Dong Sui and Dong Ji and Dong Yu to “promote the old example and add to it”, adding names, local sages, seclusion, Yiying, alchemy, chastity, etc. It is "I want to use the shrine for the children of the house, so that the governor can learn, without losing the meaning of filial piety". He also advocated that the gentry and clan members of the clan should rebuild the great ancestral hall burnt by the peasant army at the original site. There are six halls, Daoyuan, Zongyuan, Zhangyi, Baogong, Xiaojing, and Dunmu, both inside and outside. Beneficial Yang Junsong, Zeng Wendi and others, and invited many famous people at that time to write notes for Dong's ancestral hall: Luo Hongxian wrote "Record of Filial Piety Hall of Dong's New Temple in Le'an Liukeng", and Zhang Jiayin, Minister of War, wrote "Dong's Reconstruction of Ancestral Hall". Records", Nie Bao's "Rebuilding the Ancestral Hall", etc. These celebrity writings added glory and brilliance to Liukeng Dong's family and played a certain role in expanding Liukeng Dong's popularity. The establishment of the Dong clan ancestral hall has provided a material basis for the cohesion of the centripetal force of the Kang Zongzhen clan. . Then there are 14 rules of the clan: "Respect the Sunnah, make sacrifices, worship propriety, be honest and frugal, save money, avoid competition, accumulate yin and virtuousness, be good at scheming, cultivate military equipment, be diligent in occupation, be caring for one's filial piety, and be orthodox in learning. Prohibition of evil witches and tenant servants", the feudal ritual law and ethics are specifically determined in the form of private law to restrain the clan. In order to implement these laws and regulations, they also improved their management institutions. In addition to the patriarch, the Dong clan has a zongzi, and the chief and deputy chiefs of the clan supervise the implementation of clan regulations. The most beneficial descendant is that Dong Sui planned the architectural layout of Liukeng Village, so that the main part of Liukeng Village has eight lanes in one vertical (north and south) and seven horizontal (east and west), which is related to the classification of Liukeng into eight houses. of. Living with houses as the area not only regulates the village but also facilitates management. Although the buildings planned by Dong Sui are difficult to see now, most of them are reconstructed on the original site, so the appearance of modern Liukeng Village is basically the same as before.
Dong Sui went to great lengths to make the village rules and regulations come into effect. There are still many beautiful stories circulating in Liukeng Village. On the north bank of Liukeng Village, there is a small island called Baimaozhou. There is a large camphor forest on the island. It is the "Fengshui Forest" of Liukeng Village. Therefore, Dong Sui made an appointment and prohibited horses here. Expressing his determination, he also instructed his family to drive his horses into Baimaozhou, and the horses were grazing on the island. An eyewitness sued Dong Sui, and Dong Sui set an example--and asked people to put his own horses on the island. The horse slaughtered and let the villagers eat it to show the clear effect of the law. Dong Sui's bitter tactics made it impossible to violate the "prohibited places" of the Convention. In a short time, the atmosphere in the village was good. Dong Sui died in the fifth month of Wanli Bingxu (1586) at the age of eighty-four. Records and Family Poems", "Lin Ru Yuanliu", "Xiang Yue Zhi", "Lize Lu", etc. Among them, the sixteen volumes of "Rongshan Collection" are included in the "General Catalogue of Siku Quanshu".
● Prince Shaobao Dong Yu
Dong Yu (1537—1606), courtesy name Weiyi, number Kuoan. He is the 21st generation of the Liukeng Dong clan, the son of Wen Zhao and the grandson of Zipai. His ancestor Dong Chongding, Gang loved the upper reaches of the Wujiang River, and moved Jiangtian from Liukeng to Jiangtian. Derive a line. Yu's father Dong Xu, Ning Yufang, numbered Guichuan, taught by Zou Shouyi, Nie Bao, etc., authored four volumes of "Guichuan Poetry Collection", and "Summary of the General Catalog of Siku Quanshu" called his poems "not seeking work in sound" The law is mainly based on rationality and interest, and the source of Gai Lianluo Fengya is also”.
Dong Yu became a scholar at the age of 18. He was elected in the 44th year of Jiajing (1565), and became a Jinshi in the 5th year of Longqing (1571). He was granted the order of Dongguan (now Guangdong) and began his official career. In the fifth year of Wanli (1577), Dong Yu visited Shaanxi. The following year, Dong Yu guarded southern Yunnan. Southern Yunnan is far in the southwest frontier, the terrain is dangerous and the ethnic groups live together. Dong Yu has done a lot of things here to stabilize the frontier and benefit the people. After that, Dong Yu took charge of Henan Road, and dealt with many unjust cases. The eunuch was angered by the incident, and he was changed to Shaoqing of Dali Temple. In the twelfth year of Wanli (1584), the superintendent of the school, Ji Fu, strictly prohibited the children of powerful eunuchs from cheating in the camp, making false accusations for the power eunuchs, and banishing them to the deputy secretary. Since then, he has successively served as the Minister of Shangbao, the Shaoqing of Guanglu Temple in Nanjing, and the Great Servant Shaoqing. In the 19th year of Wanli (1591), he was appointed as the Shaoqing of Dali Temple, serving as the Grand Tingwei. In the 20th year of Wanli (1592), he was promoted to the imperial censor of Yunyang (now Yunxian, Hubei). In the 22nd year of Wanli (1594), Dong Yujin became the minister of Dali Temple. Dong Yu was appointed Minister of Dali Temple soon, and was promoted to the minister of Nanjing Ministry of Industry. In the twenty-eighth year of Wanli (1600), Dong Yujia negotiated with the doctor. His grandfather and father were given as gifts to the young ministers. The following year, Dong Yu set up the crown prince, Jin Zhengyi doctor, Zizhi Yin. In the 33rd year of Wanli (1605), Jin funded a good doctor and minister of punishment, and presented it to Dong Yuzu and his father Ruyu official. Due to his old age and frailty, Dong Yufan Jiu Shu begged to resign and return home, but he still helped the sick and entered the ministry, rehabilitating 38 unjust cases. Emperor Wanli was moved by him and asked him to send him back to his hometown with a special courier. “Chao Shixian eats food outside Yudu Gate, filling the road to sleepy”. The following year, Dong Yu died of illness at home, and he was ordered to give the prince Shaobao as a gift. Dong Yu's legacy includes "Internal Taiwan Press Qin, According to Yunnan, Du Yun", "Working and Xing", "Liuhe Youcao", "Guangan Yincao", "Shi Kou Collection", "Six Kou" Commentary on the Book of Changes, etc.
● Rich businessman Dong Xuewen
Dong Xuewen (1727—1798), also called "Simple", numbered Songxuan. He is the twenty-eighth generation of the Liukeng Dong family and the twenty-fifth descendant of Wen Zhao's son Taibao Chun. Shan passed on to his father, Bihua, who also studied literature as an only child. When Bihua died, he had not yet completed his study of literature. His mother, the Huang family, was strict and disciplined in governing the family. Xuewen started his career at the beginning of his career, and he was quite famous in the local area. Later, he abandoned the Confucian career because he could not cover the daily affairs due to the complicated domestic affairs. “Jizhuang, a man who should have four directions, is a businessman who relies on capital, travels between Wu and Chu, and gets a lot of interest, and the industry expands in the front.
Although Xuewen is rich, he actively benefits his clan township with the money he gets from doing business. Wherever there are philanthropic actions such as the establishment of social studies, the construction of orphanages, and the repair of bridges and roads in the village, Xuewen donates money to sponsor them. Those in the clan who cannot marry a woman and cannot be buried due to poverty must give it to them; in the year of famine, they pour out their granaries and grains to help the hungry. They are proficient in medicine and cure countless patients every year. Qianlong Jiwei (1775), Dong Xuewen was appointed by the students of Taizhou and the state, and his ancestors and fathers Bihua were awarded. In the Qing Dynasty, Liukeng's imperial examination status declined, but with the prosperity of bamboo and wood trade, a large number of merchants emerged in the village. They were not only rich, but also actively engaged in clan and rural construction with their wealth, which played an important role in the development and changes of Liukeng society in the Qing Dynasty, and Dong Xuewen was one of the representative figures.